This is a photo of the 1899 Statue of Cromwell by Hamo Thronycroft outside the Palace of Westminster, London.
Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was one of the commanders of the New Model Army which defeated the royalists in the English Civil War. After the execution of King Charles I in 1649, Cromwell dominated the short-lived Commonwealth of England, conquered Ireland and Scotland, and ruled as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658.
Cromwell has been a very controversial figure in the history od the British Isles – a regicidal dictator to some historians and a hero of liberty to others. His measures against Irish Catholics have been characterized by some historians as genicidal or near-genocidal, and in Ireland itself he is widely hated.